Below is an essay on "Apartheid" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Conflict/ Compromise Paper
The Sharpeville Massacre occurred on March 21, 1960, in the town of Sharpeville, South Africa, and was the result of what was thought to be peaceful protesting over Apartheid’s policy of “pass books”. Instead we must ask, how did the Sharpeville Massacre lead to the end of Apartheid? The rioting which occurred in Sharpeville that day thrusted South Africa’s policy of Apartheid into the international spotlight and spurred events of international condemnation of Apartheid, which ultimately let to the policy’s demise.
In 1948, Apartheid Laws were first enacted in South Africa, marking the start of the nation’s struggle for racial equality. Apartheid was the social and political system and policy which deemed white supremacy and control by the government over the black majority in South Africa. The policy placed harsh restrictions on the non-white society and was brutally enforced throughout the country. The policy was highly effective in its “goal of preferential treatment of whites”; the 19 million black population had a pitiful less than 20% of the national income.(The History of Apartheid in South Africa, see chart) One of the most “repressive”(James Robinson, Apartheid) apartheid policies was the specific one that caused all the uproar at Sharpeville. This law required all non-whites to carry a “pass book” which were required to be “carried at all times and presented immediately to anyone in authority” (Sharpeville Killings Stun the World). The information withheld included a photograph, fingerprints, racial classification and life history. If one did not have their pass book present when asked, they could be immediately thrown in jail, many times without notification. The passes “became a constant reminder of white domination” (Sharpeville Killings Stun the World) and were hence the reason for the gathering on March 21, 1960 in Sharpeville.
What was going to be a peaceful protest ultimately...