Calligraphy - Research Paper by Jaynext10

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Below is an essay on "Calligraphy" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Calligraphy
Unit VII

Calligraphy is a decorative handwriting or handwritten lettering.
It is the art of producing decorative handwriting or lettering with a pen or brush. Calligraphy originated during the Stone Ages.
Letters did not exist but the things were described by making pictures.
Many believed the allure and relevance of writing letterforms by hand has something to do with craftsmanship (the satisfaction one receives from making things by hand) which includes drawing, writing and painting. Through the fluid line, the expressive brush- stroke, the graphic possibilities inherent in different alphabet structures and inventions, the artist has a huge but related vocabulary in which to draw from, yet mutable enough to offer creative freedom. One can connect their heart, head and hand with a rich tradition while also exploring individuality. The monks started to write ancient text in books. Since paper was costly at that time, so the monks discovered a new style of Calligraphy which can accommodate more words in a single line. This new style was known as Gothic and lasted as a popular scribing technique throughout much of the Middle Ages.

Based on the Gothic style of the monks, in 15 century, Johannes Gutenberg discovered the printing press. This allowed a faster printing of books. Although the use of printing press was high, the handwriting skill was in demand. Italians during this time invented the italic script, which became popular throughout most of Europe. In 19 century, flat-edge pens were replaced by the fountain pens and steel pens. It became difficult to achieve beautiful curves of calligraphy with these replaced pens due to its rounded tips. The value of calligraphy was going to disappear but a British poet and artist William Morris in the mid-19th century spearheaded a calligraphic revival, reintroducing the flat edged pen and elevating the act of writing to the art form of its past. A calligrapher’s pen is very important to write a new...

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