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The essay will explore three famous experiments in psychological history. Milgram’s Behavioural Study of Obedience and two of Darley and Latane’s Bystander experiments; Bystander Intervention in Emergencies: Diffusion of Responsibility and Group Inhabitation of Bystander Intervention in Emergencies. Discussions will be made on the comparison of unlike, similar or opposite qualities in research procedures, results and summary of experiments. Contrasts and investigation of relevant psychological concepts encountered in each experiment.
It would be fair to say that psychological history has an important role in a psychologists experiment, studies and research, only because psychologists try to explain behaviour by finding its causes. Some psychologists try to administer the findings of psychological research to practical problems, (Carlson and Buskit, 2007, p.3). Thus leads to Milgram’s study of obedience experiment and Darley and Latane’s bystander experiments. It makes one think of what factors in society through history and biography influenced Milgram’s study of obedience experiment and Darley and Latane’s bystander experiments. Which concepts of behaviour did each experiment focus on and its methodology?
Milgram’s study of obedience experiment was influenced by the atrocities committed during WWII, how authority had a huge impact on individuals. Milgram’s attempt to study destructive obedience gives a clear indication on how authority figures can persuade an individual to go against their own morals, beliefs and ethics, (Carlson and Buskit, 2007, p.496). Evidence of power of authority is stated by Milgram (1974), that “obedience is the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose. It is the dispositional cement that binds men to system of authority”, (p.1).
In Milgram’s study, he recruited participants of 40 males, aged 20-50 from New Haven. Adverts were in the local news paper – a research procedure aimed at getting...