Below is a free excerpt of "Essay" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Nursing is an art and science with a unique body of knowledge that draws from the social, the behavioural and the physical science. Nursing is a unique profession because it addresses responses of individual and families to health promotion, health maintenances and health problems.
There are many philosophies and definition of nursing.
Florence Nightingale defined nursing over 100 years ago as “act of of utilising the environment of the patient to assist him in recovery”.Nightingale considered a clean,well ventilated and quiet environment essential for recovery.Often considered the first nurse theorist,Nightingale raised the status of nursing through education.Nurses were no longer untrained housekeepers but people educated in the care of the sick(Berman et al 2008)
Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles. (Brown&Edwards 2008)
The Historical perspective of nursing
The word “nurse” derived from a latin word meaning to nourish or cherish,and as birth,illness and death are common to all human beings,there has always been need for someone to take on the task of caring for others.
In earlier times it was believd that sickness was a punishment for wrongdoing and that the sign of illness were evidence of the presence of evil spirits.Treatment was prescribed witch doctors and priests.
During 12th and 13th century several secular orders were active in caring for the sick,whose members included men and women.Women entered nursing because the social positon of Roman women improved in 300 AD when the Christian influence taught that men and women were equal...