Below is an essay on "History Of Ob" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
From an almost unrecognized position nearly two centuries ago, management has raised today to the central activity and innovative force on which our society depends for material support and national well being. The period between 1700 and 1850 highlights the industrial revolution and the writings of the classical economists.
The evolution of management thought during this period can be studied as
• Early management approaches,represented by scientific management, administrative management and human relations movement.
• Modern management approaches,represented by behavioural approach, quantitative/management science approach, systems approach and contingency approach.
Early Management Approaches
F.W Taylor (1856-1915) is considered to be the father of scientific management. He exerted a great influence on the development of management thought through his experience and writings. During his carrier spanning a period of 26 years, he conducted a series of experiments in three companies: Midvale steel, Simons rolling machine and Bethlehem steel. While serving as the chief engineer of Midvale steel company, Taylor made several important contributions, which are classified under scientific management.
Time and motion study:
Since, Taylor had been a machinist himself, he knew how piecework employees used to old back productions to one-third level because they feared that their employers could cut the piece rate as soon as there was a rise in production.
Scientific recruitment and training:
Taylor emphasized the need for scientific selection and the development of the worker. He said that the management should develop and train every worker to bring out his best faculties and to enable to do a higher, more interesting and more profitable class of work than he has done in the past. Taylor’s concept of scientific management developed into a movement and dominated the industrial management scene for several decades after him....