Below is an essay on "Medical Law & Ethics" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
What is artificial insemination? Artificial insemination is a procedure in which sperm is manually introduced into the female cervix or uterus. This procedure first developed for animal breeding in the early 20th century in Russia is now used to impregnate women whose partners cannot do so naturally. How is the procedure done? The woman’s menstrual cycle is monitored very closely by using ovarian kits, ultrasounds, and blood tests. Semen is “washed” (a laboratory procedure which increases the chance of fertilization and removes any unnecessary, potentially harmful chemicals. A thin flexible tube is used to precisely place sperm into the reproductive tract.
This procedure has been used since the 1940’s. It is becoming more popular as infertility becomes more prevalent and as more women opt to become single mothers. About 80,000 like procedures using sperm donors are performed each year, resulting in the births of about 30,000 babies annually. By 1990 artificial insemination was a $164 million industry involving 11,000 private physicians, 400 sperm banks, and more than 200 fertility centers.
Legal aspects regarding artificial insemination.
Though artificial insemination is not illegal, it does raise a number of legal concerns. Most state laws say that when a child is born as a result of artificial insemination by husband’s sperm (AIH) that is the husband’s legal child. When a child is born following artificial insemination by a third-party donor (AID) the law is less clear. Some states say the child is legally presumed to be the mothers and her husband on the other hand some states leave open the possibility that the child could be declared illegitimate.
The legal battleground created by artificial insemination continues to bring forth new and unprecedented issues. In 1990, Julia Skolnick brought forth a lawsuit in which she sued a fertility clinic and a sperm bank for negligence and malpractice because they mistakenly gave another mans...