Below is an essay on "Nature Of Congressional Reconstrution" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated during the Civil War, a battle over the Reconstruction of the South between Congress and President Andrew Johnson came to the forefront. By the end of 1865, the Radical Republicans had taken a vast number of votes in Congress, which then gave them the ability to overrule any possible vetoes by Johnson. Thus began the Congressional Reconstruction.
When trying to continue what Lincoln had already started, Johnson just wanted to get the Confederate states back in the Union without much hassle. Johnson’s plan was rejected, it was determined that only Congress could decide on how the Reconstruction would take place.
The disgruntled relationship between Congress and President Johnson became very evident when Johnson vetoed the Freedmen’s Bureau Act, which would have continued to give the military the right to protect the civil rights of black Americans in former Confederate states, as well as care for refugees. This angered more than a few Congressmen, and in turn paved the way for the Republicans to join together in their support for a tough Reconstruction plan. Congress was able to override the veto however, and help it last for a few more years.
In 1866, Congress passed Civil Rights Bill, which gave blacks American citizenship and denied states the power to restrict their rights holding property, make contracts for their labor, and testify in court. When Johnson vetoed the bill, Congress figured that any cooperation in the future with this President was not going to happen. Congress, once again overrode his veto, as they continued to push Johnson out of their path in reforming the South.
Shortly thereafter, Congress proposes the 14th amendment to the Constitution. This amendment grants citizenship rights to African Americans and gives them equal protection of the law. No state was allowed back into the Union without ratifying the 14th amendment, and Tennessee was the only state to do so, ten others rejected it.