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There are a several essential health-related and skill-related fitness components of physical fitness that are relevant to the performance of the volleyball spike. Health-related components of physical fitness, are the aspects of fitness that enable an individual to maintain their level of health and perform efficiently in physical and sporting activities. The health-related components of physical fitness, that are essential for a successful performance of the volleyball spike, include; muscular strength, muscular endurance and flexibility. While health-related components enable an individual to maintain their level of health, the skill-related components enable an individual to exert greater skill in physical activities. The skill-related components of physical fitness that are essential for the performance of the volleyball spike, include; power, speed, agility, coordination, balance and reaction time.
Muscular endurance refers to the ability of an individual to sustain or repeat a muscular effort for a relatively long period of time1. In order to effectively perform a volleyball spike, numerous times throughout a volleyball game, an individual must have a high level of muscular endurance. If an individual lacks in muscular endurance, they may be unable to withstand the repetitive movements of spiking throughout the game, therefore as the game progresses, the effectiveness of the spikes will decrease. Due to this, muscular endurance is a relevant skill required by athletes in order to balance the effectiveness of spiking throughout the game.
Muscular strength is a very important aspect of performing a volleyball spike. Muscular strength refers to the greatest maximal force or tension that a muscle group can exert against a resistance in one maximal contraction1. It is essential that athletes have a vast amount of muscular strength in order to exert the greatest maximal force possible, when performing the spike. The greater the...