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Public Health Comparison Paper
Public health has a varied and fascinating history. From the early colonial days onward people worked together to fight the battles against disease. The weapons in this battled ranged from primitive cures in early history to the advanced technology of today. Throughout history public and community health have intertwined for one common goal, the health of individuals in communities. Working at the federal, state, and local levels our governing authorities carry out the public health activities necessary to keep people healthy and safe.
While local and state governments carried most of the responsibilities in the early days for public health the federal government’s role was growing. From the beginning of the Marine Hospital Service in 1798 to its expansion into the United States Public Health Service in 1918 the government role began to expand. The federal government greatly increased its health care activities throughout the 1920s and 1930s by creating programs that increased access to personal health services. In 1922 the passage of what was known as the Sheppard-Towner Act established the first grant-in-aid program for supporting the delivery of public health services. This act created the Federal Board of Maternal and Infant Hygiene and gave it the authority to administer funding to states for maternal and child health services The program became a widely replicated model for other federal health programs. These programs allowed the federal government to provide funding and oversight to state agencies. The state agency would create and implement the programs. More programs were created including the development of local public health clinics and the training of public health workers in1935, the prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases in 1938 and in 1946 the creation of community mental health centers (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2000).
In 1930 the National Institute of Health blossomed from a laboratory within the...