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Running head: Senegal
Senegal represents West African culture. The music scene here is world-famous, the beaches are sugary, and the people are known for their friendly nature. But Senegal faces its share of challenges, including massive unemployment, a simmering separatist movement, and a population dependent on agriculture. Collectively, these factors help explain why, despite a stable democratic government and relative prosperity, Senegal remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Being one of the poorest countries in the world, could explain why human rights are violated so much. Human trafficking is a huge problem in Senegal.
The population of Senegal is 12,969,606 (Zijlma 2013). The Wolof is the largest ethnic group in Senegal making up one third of the population (Zijlma 2013). There are heavy population concentrations in the urban areas. Dakar, Thie, Kaolack, Saint-Louis, and Ziguinchor have the highest populations; this is because of the growth rate of 2.7 percent. The high growth rate and deteriorating environmental conditions have made it difficult for the people to live off the land. This causes the Life expectancy to be 59.4 years (Zijlma 2013)
In 1960 Senegal natives won their independence from the French. The first president of independent Senegal was Leopold Senghor, a roman catholic. He was an experienced politician with the French system. In 1963 he provided Senegal with a constitution, modeled on his earlier constitution De Gaulle’s. The constitution gave executive power in the hands of the president. Senghor was a huge advocate to try and unify his people. In 1976 there were two separate parties and in 1978 the first multiparty elections were held. The two parties are socialist and democratic. Senghor was president until 1980 when he was succeeded by Abdou Diouf. Since the 1980’s the Casamance has been developing a separatist movement. Since 1990 there has been conflict...